For example, suppose the cluster of system 1 and system 2 is functioning normally when the private network links are broken. Also suppose system 1 is the ejected system. When system 1 restarts before the private network links are restored, its membership configuration does not show system 2; however, when it attempts to register with the coordinator disks, it discovers system 2 is registered with them. Given this conflicting information about system 2, system 1 does not join the cluster and returns an error from vxfenconfig that resembles:
vxfenconfig: ERROR: There exists the potential for a preexisting split-brain. The coordinator disks list no nodes which are in the current membership. However, they also list nodes which are not in the current membership. I/O Fencing Disabled!
<date> <system name> vxfen: WARNING: Potentially a preexisting <date> <system name> split-brain. <date> <system name> Dropping out of cluster. <date> <system name> Refer to user documentation for steps <date> <system name> required to clear preexisting split-brain. <date> <system name> <date> <system name> I/O Fencing DISABLED! <date> <system name> <date> <system name> gab: GAB:20032: Port b closed
However, the same error can occur when the private network links are working and both systems go down, system 1 restarts, and system 2 fails to come back up. From the view of the cluster from system 1, system 2 may still have the registrations on the coordination points.
Assume the following situations to understand preexisting split-brain in server-based fencing:
There are three CP servers acting as coordination points. One of the three CP servers then becomes inaccessible. While in this state, one client node leaves the cluster, whose registration cannot be removed from the inaccessible CP server. When the inaccessible CP server restarts, it has a stale registration from the node which left the VCS cluster. In this case, no new nodes can join the cluster. Each node that attempts to join the cluster gets a list of registrations from the CP server. One CP server includes an extra registration (of the node which left earlier). This makes the joiner node conclude that there exists a preexisting split-brain between the joiner node and the node which is represented by the stale registration.
All the client nodes have crashed simultaneously, due to which fencing keys are not cleared from the CP servers. Consequently, when the nodes restart, the vxfen configuration fails reporting preexisting split brain.
These situations are similar to that of preexisting split-brain with coordinator disks, where you can solve the problem running the vxfenclearpre command. A similar solution is required in server-based fencing using the cpsadm command.